Moonlighting in Tech: When One Job Isn’t Enough

In the fast-paced world of technology, where innovation never sleeps, IT professionals are often seen as the wizards behind the digital curtain, conjuring solutions to complex problems and pushing the boundaries of what's possible.
Yet, for many of them, the magic doesn't stop when the workday ends. They embark on a parallel journey, one that takes them into the realm of moonlighting.

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moonlighting tech

Illustration: L. T.

In the IT industry, moonlighting isn’t about chasing dreams under the soft glow of the moon; it’s about taking on additional work, side projects, or freelance gigs outside the confines of their primary employment. 

It’s a phenomenon that has become increasingly common, with IT experts harnessing their skills and expertise to tackle diverse challenges, from developing cutting-edge software to providing tech consultations for businesses small and large. 

But what drives this dual-life approach, and how does it impact the individuals who choose to walk this path? 

In this exploration of IT moonlighting, we delve into the reasons behind this trend, the benefits it offers, the ethical considerations, and the strategies for successfully balancing multiple professional commitments. 

But first, let’s answer the main question. 

What is moonlighting?  

You’ve almost certainly familiar with what moonlighting is, but maybe haven’t used this exact term to describe the situation itself. For what it’s worth, you may be a moonlighter yourself, without even knowing it. 


The term “moonlighting” refers to the practice of holding a second job or freelance work in addition to one's primary full-time job. In the IT industry, this might involve IT professionals taking on extra work or side projects outside of their regular working hours.

In other words, this phenomenon is akin to having a double life in the tech world. 

Imagine a software engineer who, after a full day of refining code for a major tech company, spends the evening developing a mobile app for a startup. Or picture a cybersecurity expert who, in the shadows of their corporate security role, provides consultation services to a local business worried about data breaches. 

IT moonlighting is not only common but thriving. It’s a testament to the versatility and adaptability of tech professionals who harness their expertise in diverse ways. 

Why do people choose to moonlight?   

In the world of IT, the decision to moonlight is a multifaceted one, driven by a diverse set of motivations that reflect both personal and professional aspirations. 

Understanding these motivations provides insight into why so many tech experts choose to embrace the dual-life approach. 

  1. Supplemental Income: Many IT workers take on side gigs to supplement their primary income, especially if they have valuable skills that are in demand. 
  2. Skill Development: Moonlighting can offer opportunities to work on different types of projects, technologies, or industries, which can help individuals develop new skills and gain broader experience. 
  3. Entrepreneurship: Some IT professionals use moonlighting as a steppingstone to eventually start their own IT consulting or development businesses. 

Along with these three, there’s one more important factor that we need to mention: 

  1. Job Insecurity in a Shifting Landscape: Recent global events, such as the COVID-19 pandemic, have underscored the fragility of job security. Mass layoffs and economic uncertainties have prompted individuals across industries to seek backup options. In the tech world, moonlighting provides a safety net, ensuring that even in the face of unexpected job loss, IT professionals have a source of income and a plan B. 

These motivations, intertwined with the ever-changing tech industry, have transformed moonlighting from a side gig into a strategic career move. 

Ethical considerations: is moonlighting good or bad?   

From the listed reasons, you can conclude that moonlighting can be motivated by different reasons, mostly by professionals being ambitious and hungry for experience and diverse projects to build their careers even faster and in a more stable and independent way. 

If they can successfully manage their side jobs along with their main job, there’s nothing wrong about it, right? 

Well, not quite. 


Moonlighting can sometimes raise ethical and legal questions, particularly if it conflicts with an employee's contractual obligations or poses a potential conflict of interest with their primary employer.

Therefore, individuals considering moonlighting should be aware of their employment contracts, company policies, and any potential conflicts that might arise. 

Here are some key ethical considerations: 

Conflicts of Interest 

Perhaps the most critical ethical consideration in IT moonlighting is the potential for conflicts of interest. If a tech professional’s side gig involves working for a competitor or a client of their primary employer, conflicts can arise. 

These conflicts may involve the sharing of proprietary information, competition for the same projects, or divided loyalties. Full disclosure and obtaining explicit consent from both parties involved can help mitigate such conflicts. 

Non-Disclosure Agreements (NDAs) and Contracts 

Many IT jobs require employees to sign NDAs and employment contracts that specify restrictions on working for other entities or sharing confidential information. Violating these agreements can have legal consequences and damage professional reputations. 

IT professionals must carefully review their contractual obligations and seek legal advice if they plan to moonlight in a potentially conflicting role. 

Impact on Primary Employment 

Moonlighting should not compromise the quality of an IT professional’s primary work. Employers expect their staff to be fully committed during working hours. It’s essential to ensure that side gigs do not lead to fatigue or distractions that negatively impact job performance. 

Intellectual Property 

Issues related to intellectual property can arise when moonlighting involves the creation of software, designs, or other digital assets. Determining ownership rights and intellectual property boundaries is crucial to avoid disputes over who owns the work produced during moonlighting ventures. 

Time Management and Burnout 

Balancing a full-time job with moonlighting can be demanding. Overcommitting to side projects can lead to burnout, affecting both the primary job and moonlighting opportunities. IT professionals must manage their time effectively, set boundaries, and maintain a healthy work-life balance. 

Transparency and Communication 

Open and honest communication with both primary employers and clients in side projects is paramount. IT professionals should inform all parties about their moonlighting activities, potential conflicts, and ensure that everyone is comfortable with the arrangement. 

A journalist by day and a podcaster by night. She's not writing to impress but to be understood.